A short sketch of the Lifeand Mission of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
প্রকাশিত হয়েছে : ৬:৪৮:১৫,অপরাহ্ন ০৩ নভেম্বর ২০২০
The five pillars of Islam are not in themselves the goal but they are the means by which to achieve the actual goal of life which is to serve Allah and Allahalone throughout the whole of life as said in the Holy Qur’an: “I have not created mankind and jinn but to serve Me alone.” (SurahAl-Dhariyat 51: Verse 56)
This we must try to do as the last Prophet of Allahhas shown us. So a short sketch of the life and mission of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) will be beneficial for us all.
Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the tribe of the Quraish who were the descendants of ProphetIsma’il, the eldest son of prophet Ibrahim in Makkah the ancient and the central place of this earth. He was born in the year 570 CE. At that time the people of Arabia were a most degenerate people. His father ‘Abdullah died before his birth and his mother Amina died when he was six years old. So as an orphan, he was brought up by his grandfather ‘Abdul Muttalib, the leader of the Quraish and the custodian of the Ka’ba, the House of Allah, which was built by prophet Ibrahim and prophet Isma’il (peace be upon them) about four thousand years ago.
Upon the death of his grandfather his uncle Abu Talib took charge of Muhammad (pbuh). As a boy he used to graze the sheep with other boys of his time. He was modest, polite and thoughtful and had many friends. As a young man he used to go to other countries on business trips with his uncle Abu Talib. He gained knowledge and experience and became a good and honest businessman.
He took charge of the business of a well-to-do lady of Makkah named Khadija. He married Khadija at the age of twenty five when she was forty years of age. They had a happy married life and they had six children. Muhammad (pbuh) was distressed at the condition of the people of Makkah who were idolaters and who committed murder, plunder, gambling, fornication and many other grave crimes. He used to meditate in the Cave of Hira about creation, the meaning of life and its goal, and what could be done to remedy the inhuman activities and crimes in society and how the lives of the people could be raised to a better position. As a result he started to work with other people for the betterment of society. Unlike other people he lived an honest and pious life and people called him Al-Amin and Al-Sadiq. Everybody revered and respected him.
At the age of forty he was favoured with a revelation from Allah, at the place of his meditation, the Cave of Hira, where the angel Jibrail came to him and entrusted him with the duty of Risalat (Prophethood) to guide the people of the right path.
From that day on, and, in spite of many hardships, Muhammad (pbuh) devoted the rest of his life to calling people to the path of Allah. He died in 632 AD at the age of 63. But during this short span of time he expounded and established the loftiest character and ideal of life, especially during the last twenty three years of his life. As a boy he was noble and good. As a young man he was of pure heart. He grew into a man of excellent character with many good qualities. He was a good family man who dearly loved and provided for his wife and children. He was very kind and merciful to his kith and kin. He was a good member of society and everybody found him well behaved even towards his enemies. As a friend he was kind hearted and dependable. As a businessman he was honest and fair and as a labourer he was hardworking and trustworthy. He was a good neighbour. He was very fond of children and they loved him dearly. Nobody could find fault with him in any walk of life.
However, his revolutionary call to the One and only Allahmade the people of his own tribe and the people of Makkah turn against him and his followers. They oppressed and tortured the Muslims mercilessly and eventually the Prophet and his followers were forced to leave Makkah for Madina. This is called Hijrat and from this occurrence the Hijra era began. The Prophet was then 53 years of age. All the Muslims migrated from Makkah to Madina where the Prophet established and became the ruler of an Islamic Society and state.
He was a great reformer and the leader of a great movement and everyone had great respect for him. He was the commander-in-chief of the Muslims and all of his companions were ready to sacrifice their lives and properties at his command and in the cause of Islam. In fact they did so on more than one occasion out of love for him and Islam.
He taught us a way of life to follow from birth to death. He taught us about purities, impurities and how to achieve purification. He taught us which things and actions are halal and which are haram. He taught us what to eat and how to eat and how to do every kind of work. He taught us obligatory duties and incumbent duties and religious rites like prayers, fasting, zakat, hajj and jihad. He taught us good manners and good behaviour and how to behave with parents, wives and children, with brothers and sisters and other near relatives and with neighbours and other members of society.
He introduced a social system and taught us how to deal with and conduct society. He introduced the moral and ethical system and taught us morality, faithfulness, truthfulness, trustworthiness, piousness, etc. He introduced the economic system and taught us how to conduct business honestly and how to avoid interest, malpractices, hoarding, dumping, gambling, etc. Also how to use the system of Zakat and Sadaqa as social security for the poor and needy for meeting the fundamental necessities of life like food, clothing, education, medical treatment and shelter for each and every individual in the Islamic Society.
He framed and introduced personal laws, criminal law and penal codes and as a judge taught us how to impart justice and how to establish the rule of law in society. He taught us how to rule and how to be ruled and how to enforce laws and how to maintain law and order in the society and state. He taught us the rights and duties of each and every individual man and woman in a family, in a society, in a state and even in international fields.
He is the criterion of truth and that is why Allahsays in the Qur’an: “Verily there is best ideal for you in the life of the Prophet.”(Surah Al-Ahzab 33: Verse 21). He moulded a way of life, established a civilisation and changed the culture of the world according to the teachings of Islam, which is the only code of life for mankind.
He was not only an Apostle to people of Makkah, for a period of time, but he is the Prophet for all people for all time to come. He reformed the individual and collective, conjugal and social, moral and ethical, economic and political, foreign and international lives of the people according to the demand of the Kalima – LA ILAHA ILLALLAHU MUHAMMADUR RASULULLAH. That ‘there is no god but Allah, Muhammad(pbuh) is His messenger,’ which is the foundation pillar and the gateway of Islam. Thus we see him as the standard of truth and the best ideal for our whole life. Therefore, we should strictly follow the ideal of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in every sphere of our lives, an ideal which is explicitly and elaborately described in the Qur’an and the Sunnah, about which the Prophet of Allahin the historical speech of his last Hajj said: “I am leaving behind two things amidst you; they are the Qur’an and the Sunnah. If you get hold of them strongly then you will never go astray.”
Let us follow strictly these two heritages from our beloved Prophet Muhammad(pbuh).
[This article is extracted from the book Basic Knowledge of Islam by Mohammed ShamsulHaque, published in London.]